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What is cloud computing?

Customers are empowered by cloud computing to access infrastructure and applications effortlessly over the internet, without encountering the need to install and sustain them locally on their premises.

What is cloud computing?

Cloud computing and related solutions offer web-based access to a wide range of computing resources and products, encompassing development tools, business applications, computing services, data storage, and networking solutions. These services are hosted either at a software vendor's data center and managed by the cloud services provider or directly at the customer's data center.

Types of Cloud Computing

There are three distinct categories of cloud computing: public, private, and hybrid. The management aspect and security provisions vary for each type, with specific requirements from customers.

  • The first cloud type, known as the public cloud, necessitates a unique level of customer management. In this setting, the cloud infrastructure is entirely managed by a third-party provider. The customer is relieved from the responsibility of managing servers, networks, and security measures. However, they retain control over their own data and applications. Recognized for its scalability and cost-effectiveness, the public cloud offers its users a moderate level of security.
  • A contrasting cloud option is the private cloud, which diverges in its management requirements. In this case, the cloud infrastructure is handled exclusively by the customer or a dedicated provider. The customer is solely responsible for maintaining and securing their data, applications, servers, and networks. The private cloud offers enhanced security, as it operates within a closed environment shielded from external access. Although this form requires a higher level of management, it grants organizations a greater sense of control over their sensitive information.
  • The third cloud variant, the hybrid cloud, amalgamates elements of both the public and private options. Consequently, it necessitates a level of management that falls between the two extremes. Organizations employing a hybrid cloud approach combine their private infrastructure with public cloud services. This blend enables them to flexibly allocate resources based on their specific needs. While offering a moderate to high level of security, the hybrid cloud demands a balanced management approach by merging internal and third-party responsibilities.

Cloud Computing Benefits

Several factors are driving businesses in all sectors towards adopting cloud technology. Many organizations find that their current operational methods do not allow for sufficient flexibility to facilitate growth, nor do they offer the necessary platform or adaptability to compete effectively. As the number of digital businesses increases, so does the volume of data generated, resulting in increased costs and complexity for data center storage. This situation necessitates the acquisition of new IT skills and analytics tools.

Modern cloud solutions are designed to address the challenges posed by the digital age. Instead of dealing with the complexities of managing their own IT infrastructure, organizations can now react swiftly to the fast-paced and intricate nature of the business landscape. Cloud computing can deliver tangible business value while simultaneously reducing costs, thereby enabling enterprises to unlock their full potential through their cloud investment.

Customers can benefit from cloud computing by gaining enhanced agility, scalability, and flexibility. Rather than allocating funds and efforts towards outdated IT systems, customers can redirect their focus towards more crucial tasks. By avoiding significant upfront expenditures, they can promptly acquire the necessary computing resources and solely pay for the utilized ones.

Cloud computing offers a more advanced option compared to conventional information technology, particularly in the following domains:

  • By eliminating upfront capital expenses, cloud computing provides a more cost-effective solution.
  • Instantly allocating and setting up resources for development and testing purposes enable rapid provision of space.
  • Cloud services allow for elastic scaling, enabling businesses to adjust system capacity to match demand seamlessly.
  • Cloud computing enhances collaboration, ensures consistent performance, and provides customer isolation, thereby promoting increased productivity.
  • Cloud native workloads benefit from improved price-to-performance ratio.
  • Cloud infrastructure offers fault-tolerant, scalable, and distributed systems across all services, ensuring operational reliability.

How Cloud Computing Fosters Innovation

Cloud customers can take advantage of the latest advancements and emerging technologies incorporated directly into their IT systems. This is made possible as the cloud provider assumes the responsibility of developing new capabilities and features. The key focus here is the pace of innovation. By selecting the appropriate cloud provider, customers can utilize a contemporary cloud computing infrastructure to drive faster innovation, enhance productivity, and reduce costs. Moreover, opting for a cloud provider that offers an integrated cloud architecture encompassing SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS grants businesses the ability to transition from operations to innovation. This empowers them to create and deliver new applications and services, incorporating state-of-the-art technologies like artificial intelligence (AI), chatbots, blockchain, and the Internet of Things (IoT). Companies can effectively leverage the vast amount of data available to gain predictive insights into their operations, ultimately enhancing customer outcomes.

Cloud Computing Services

There are three primary categories of cloud services: software as a service (SaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and infrastructure as a service (IaaS). Selecting the appropriate cloud solution for your business needs is not a one-size-fits-all approach, but rather about finding the optimal solution that caters to your requirements.

  • SaaS is a software delivery model where the cloud provider hosts the applications for customers at their own location. Customers access these applications via the internet. Instead of investing in and managing their own computing infrastructure, SaaS customers avail themselves of a subscription-based service, where they pay for what they use.

    SaaS is widely favored by many businesses due to its ability to swiftly adopt cutting-edge technology, facilitating expedited operations. Regular automatic updates alleviate the strain on internal resources. Additionally, customers have the option to expand services to accommodate varying workloads by incorporating additional features or services as they grow. A contemporary cloud suite encompasses a comprehensive range of software, spanning customer experience, customer relationship management, customer service, enterprise resource planning, procurement, financial management, human capital management, talent management, payroll, supply chain management, enterprise planning, and more.

  • PaaS offers customers the benefit of accessing necessary developer tools for building and controlling mobile and web applications without the need to invest in or maintain the underlying infrastructure. The provider takes charge of hosting the infrastructure and middleware components, allowing customers to access these services through a web browser.

    In order to enhance productivity, PaaS solutions require pre-built programming components that empower developers to incorporate new functionalities into their applications, including cutting-edge technologies like artificial intelligence (AI), chatbots, blockchain, and the Internet of Things (IoT). A suitable PaaS offering should also include solutions for analysts, end users, and professional IT administrators, encompassing big data analytics, content management, database management, systems management, and security.

  • IaaS technology offers customers the flexibility to utilize infrastructure services whenever needed, all through internet connectivity. The utmost benefit lies in the fact that the cloud provider handles the hosting of essential components like compute, storage, and network capacity, allowing subscribers to efficiently operate their workloads within the cloud. Typically, it becomes the responsibility of the cloud subscriber to handle the installation, configuration, security, and upkeep of specific software on the cloud-native solutions, including database, middleware, and application software.

How Cloud Consumption Works

From the viewpoint of an end-user, cloud consumption encompasses utilizing either a cloud application or making use of cloud infrastructure. Irrespective of where the resources are located, comprehending the utilization and consumption of infrastructure resources remains crucial as it directly impacts an organization's ability to cater to its customers, foster innovation, and reduce operational expenses.

The idea of consumption refers to the action of utilizing a resource. Although this concept appears straightforward when applied to the cloud, its implementation varies among different service providers, thereby adding complexity. Understanding the exact meaning of resource consumption further contributes to this intricacy. Superior cloud providers strive to assist their customers in gaining a clear understanding of the cost associated with their cloud services and what expenditure they can anticipate while availing those services.

Cloud Security

Historically, organizations contemplating cloud services, especially public cloud services, have been hindered primarily by security concerns. Nevertheless, cloud service providers have been progressively enhancing their security measures, surpassing the security capabilities offered by on-premises solutions, in order to meet the growing demand. Effectively ensuring cloud security necessitates specific procedures and skillsets that differ from those required in traditional IT environments. Here are a few recommended best practices for cloud security, as follows:

  • In the realm of cloud computing, the responsibility for securing the cloud infrastructure lies primarily with the cloud provider, while the customer is tasked with safeguarding their data within the cloud. It is crucial, however, to ensure a precise delineation of data ownership between private entities and public third parties.
  • It is imperative to ensure the encryption of data in all states: at rest, during transit, and while in use. It is crucial for customers to retain absolute control over their security keys and hardware security module.
  • It is essential for both customers and IT teams to possess a comprehensive comprehension and clear visibility over network, device, application, and data access.
  • Effectively exchanging information and establishing transparent and comprehensible workflows among IT, operations, and security teams guarantee the successful implementation of secure and sustainable cloud integrations.
  • Initiate the process by comprehending the regulatory standards pertaining to your specific industry. Subsequently, establish a robust surveillance mechanism that actively monitors all interconnected systems and cloud-based services. This enables the maintenance of a clear overview of data exchanges among public, private, and hybrid cloud environments.

Cloud Computing Challenges

Numerous organizations presently ponder the migration of their on-premises workloads to the cloud. Achieving seamless and reliable cloud-based information systems remains a challenging objective for most. While cloud technology is widespread, it is mainly observed in private clouds, managed by internal IT teams, where new applications are predominantly deployed. Nonetheless, the bulk of enterprise applications and infrastructure are still housed on-premises, although this scenario is swiftly evolving.

IT leaders frequently exhibit reluctance when it comes to entrusting cloud service providers with their crucial applications. The hesitation arises from a couple of factors. Firstly, there is often no apparent transition strategy available for long-standing legacy assets. Additionally, uncertainty persists regarding the readiness of public cloud services to cater to the requirements of enterprises. The skepticism displayed by IT leaders is justified, considering the prevailing shortcomings in most public cloud offerings. These deficiencies primarily include inadequate options for deployment, limited compatibility between on-premises and cloud systems, and the absence of management capabilities suitable for large-scale enterprises.

How Nirmalya Helps Organizations

Nirmalya leverages the state-of-the-art cloud platform AWS to offer comprehensive software solutions tailored to fulfill all your business requirements. Our platform covers a wide range of areas, including customer experience, customer relationship management, customer service, enterprise resource planning, procurement, financial management, human capital management, talent management, payroll, supply chain management, enterprise planning, and more. By embracing our cloud computing strategy, organizations can significantly reduce the costs associated with IT modernization. Our elastic capacity, ensures that you have the necessary resources without oversubscribing. The major cost savings are achieved by eliminating capital expenses through the migration of entire workloads to the cloud and the eventual retirement of data center assets.